ONU recruits 01 Slum Upgrading and Urban Upgrading Expert
Programme des Nations Unies pour les établissements humains
Vacance de poste
Intitulé publication : Slum Upgrading and Urban Upgrading Expert Département / Bureau : Programme des Nations Unies pour les établissements humainsLieu d’affectation : NAIROBI Période de candidature : 21 novembre 2021 No de l’appel á candidature : 21-United Nations Human Settlements Programme-168083-ConsultantStaffing Exercise N/AValeurs fondamentales de l’ONU : intégrité, professionnalisme, respect de la diversité
Result of Service Outputs
1. Reviewed drafts for National and City of Maseru Slum Upgrading Strategies arising from inputs of regional and national validation workshops of the Slum upgrading and Prevention Strategy2. Final draft of the Lesotho National Slum upgrading and Prevention Strategy and Action Plan for implementation3. Final draft of the Maseru Citywide Slum Upgrading and Prvention Strategy and Action Plan4. Concept notes for national pilot programme (3 urban centers) based on the information and data from situational analysis comprising of institutional set-up, financing and capacity needs of the local governments and other stakeholders (15 A4 pages max)5. Validation workshop reports and attendance records (appended to final report)
Expected duration5 Months
Duties and Responsibilities BACKGROUND
The United Nations Human Settlements Programme, UN-HABITAT, is the United Nations agency for human settlements. It is mandated by the UN General Assembly to promote socially and environmentally sustainable communities, towns and cities with the goal of providing adequate shelter for all. The main documents outlining the mandate of the organization are the Vancouver Declaration on Human Settlements, Habitat Agenda, Istanbul Declaration on Human Settlements, the Declaration on Cities and Other Human Settlements in the New Millennium, and Resolution 56/206. Its activities contribute to the overall objective of the United Nations to reduce poverty and promote sustainable development within the context and the challenges of a rapidly urbanizing world.
The Urban Practices Branch is the Agency’s skills centre for production of tools and methodologies. It develops normative guidance and cutting-edge tools through the following communities of urban practices: (i) policy, legislation and governance; (ii) urban planning, finance and economic development; (iii) urban basic services; and (iv) land, housing and shelter.
Land, Housing and Shelter Section has the mandate to provide professional skills and to develop normative knowledge and products that support a) the equitable supply of serviced land at scale; b) efficient and effective land management systems; c) freedom from arbitrary or forced eviction and the protection of security of tenure for all; d) the progressive achievement of universal access to housing meeting the requirements for an adequate standard of living; e) participatory urban regeneration and slum upgrading initiatives. It focuses on research and tool development also to backstop the Global Campaign on Sustainable Urbanization of the agency, to supply technical advice to Member States and backstop the Regional offices and other sections of UN-Habitat.
Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme
The successful growth of cities is closely linked to addressing the issue of slums through integration of present-day slums into the urban fabric by ensuring economic, physical, environmental and social connectivity with the city. UN-Habitat’s Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme (PSUP) funded by European Commission (EC) through political mobilisation of the Africa, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States (ACP) is implemented by UN-Habitat in 40 countries within the ACP region. PSUP promotes improvement of living conditions of slum dwellers through a citywide approach that is inclusive and multi-dimensional to achieve transformation of slums and connect them to the city structure.
Since 2012, PSUP has been implemented in Lesotho through the leadership of the Ministry of Local Government, Chieftainship and Parliamentary Affairs (MLGCPA). MLGCPA has mobilised National and Local Governments, academia, civil societies and private sector to participate in various PSUP activities and support knowledge exchange and inform policy development to improve living conditions of people living in informal settlements. Urban profiles for Maseru, Maputsoe and Mafeteng were completed and validated in 2016 thus providing a snapshot of national urbanisation situation in Lesotho and influencing the formulation of the National Housing Policy 2018.
Lesotho Urban Context
Lesotho’s official population, based on the 2011 Demographic Survey, is estimated at 1,894,194 persons with estimated urban population of 448.385 (23.7%). Maseru has the highest (20.6 percent) share of the national population and highest percentage of urban population. Teya-Teyaneng and Maputsoe with 13.7 and 10.8 percent of urban population respectively are the other urban areas with significant population. The least percentage share of urban areas was observed in Thaba-Tseka district constituting 1.2 percent . In total, the urban population represents 28% of Lesotho’s population.
Urbanisation rates coupled with inadequate land management and planning institutions and associated legislative frameworks have been unable to meet the increasing urban land demands. In 2009, an estimated 290,000 urban inhabitants were living in slums nation-wide, implying that at least 64 percent of the country’s urban residents live in areas designated as slum areas. There is therefore an urgent need for councils to be capacitated with technical, fiscal and human resources to effectively implement existing town planning laws as well as to develop own by-laws to address the growing problem of slums within urban areas.
Rationale for National Slum Upgrading and Prevention Strategy
The development of the National Slum Upgrading Strategy in Lesotho is primarily driven by demand expressed by MGCPA’s desire to address the challenge of rapid urbanisation, of which one of the direct consequences if growth of slums, as an important development issue. This requires integration into institutional mandates and national development framework. The formulation of a National Slum Upgrading Strategy and Action Plan will guide the Government of the Kingdom of Lesotho in articulating targeted, integrated, multi-sectoral national slum upgrading programme that is integrated with the National Development priorities and with potential for high human development impact for people living in informal settlements and contribute to the overall poverty alleviation and development index of the country.
Overall Goal for developing a National slum upgrading and Prevention Strategy
The overarching objective is to develop a national slum upgrading and slum prevention strategy that will provide national Action Plan in the Kingdom of Lesotho and propose alternative interventions and actions to improve living conditions for people living in slums. The strategy will also define the role of the national government and local governments to undertake integrated programs that also put in mechanisms to prevent further proliferation of slums.
Under the direct supervision of the Programme Manager, PSUP, the specific duties of the consultant include:
1. Formulate ‘National Slum Upgrading and Prevention Strategy and Action Plan’ (draft Strategy) that aligns with the existing policy framework;2. Propose upgrading alternatives, not limited to, in-situ-upgrading, relocation, densification, pandemic preparedness etc, while tsking consideration of legislation and policy, stakeholder and community participation, financial plan (including proposals for PPP model) institutional mechanisms for upgrading;3. Deliver a final, validated draft of the National slum upgrading and Prevention Strategy4. Formulate the City of Maseru, Citywide Slum Upgrading and Prevention Strategy to be nested under the National slum upgrading and Prevention Strategy
The following activities are foreseen in the process:
1. Establish a baseline for existing urban informal settlements including characterisation of slums (housing, infrastructure and tenure status, preparedness and response to pandemics e.g COVID-19);2. Review exisiting quick diagnostic of legal and policy framework to inform upgrading/improvement of slums and informal settlements (institutional frameworks, fiscal regulations for municipalities, MDAs)3. Based on existing chapter structure, formulate (National and Maseru city) strategies to support upgrading informal settlements through increased efforts in urban planning, tenure regularisation, provision of basic services and local economic development;4. Analyse capacity gaps of local governments to engage in slum upgrading.5. Develop estimated investment requirements for housing, infrastructure, land tenure, capacity biulding for 3 select Local Authorities6. Propose a structure for National Working Group to develop an integrated national sum upgrading programme in-line with exsiting and propsoed institutional, legal, regulatory, financing scenarios;7. Develop an implementation action plan, for 3 local governments to implement pilot projects in upgrading and land tenure and housing access;8. Participate and guide stakeholder technical workshops for collation of inputs to the draft slum upgrading strategy and action plan9. Make draft presenations on the strategy proposals during regional and national validation workshops and incorporate inputs into the draft versions10. Prepare final draft for submission to the cabinet for approval by the Ministry of
Qualifications/special skills Academic Qualifications : Advanced degree in urban planning, economics, environmental science, engineering, development economics, urban development and / or urban economy or in a related field is a requirement Experience : 5 years of professional experienc e in urban planning and development, local governance, urban analysis and urban data collection, preferably in slums and informal settlements is a requirement;. At least 1 year of professional experience in socio-economic policy analysis and formulation especially in emerging markets and developing economies (EMDE) on basic urban services, urban infrastructure, housing/construction, local economy development and poverty alleviation in urban setting is desirable; At least 2 similar assignments conducted in the last 2-3 years is desirable; Experience in working with government institutions and multi-partnership programmes is desirableLanguage : Fluency in both written and oral skills of English language is a requirement
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